;Tourism in AMERICA. Nowadays tourism is no longer a luxury product reserved only for people with free time and economic resources;
but is recognized as a necessity and, even, as a right that contributes, in turn, to the development of countries and regions.
The link between culture and tourism has resulted in the so-called cultural tourism, in which the knowledge of monuments and historical sites;
is combined with the immersion in natural and cultural history;
and with the knowledge of the arts, philosophy and Of the way of life of the different peoples.
Cultural Tourism in America
Thus, the promotion and consequent growth of tourism in Latin America, not only represents a contribution to the economic development of the region, but also a mediator between memory and oblivion.
Consequently, knowledge brings respect and conservation of them through a greater understanding among tourists and fruitful intercultural exchanges that contribute to the economic;
social and cultural development of peoples.
Tourism has always been closely linked to the heritage and culture of a destination.
This link becomes even stronger since the years 70, when UNESCO developed the “Convention on the Protection of the world, Cultural and Natural Heritage”;
which recognized the deterioration of the patrimony at world level and it was proposed to keep it actively;
and To foster the knowledge and recognition of this legacy for future generations.
Tourism and economy
Cultural tourism contributes to the economic development of a destination, but also to social integration and the rapprochement between different peoples.
The other great advantage of cultural tourism is its lack of seasonality as it develops throughout the year.
This encourages the employment associated with cultural tourism to be more stable than in other segments.
But the tourist development of these patrimonial and historical resources has to be done in a planned, responsible and controlled way, so as not to jeopardize the future of the available resources.
In short, it is essential to develop a sustainable management of cultural tourism.
In general, cultural tourists stand out for the following characteristics: they are educated and trained people (many of them with higher education);
cover all age segments, tend to have a high tourist expense, are interested in products Tourists like gastronomy and shopping;
feel concerned about the environment, appreciate cultural differences between countries and travel frequently, among other characteristics.
Then we will share a list of destinations linked to cultural tourism:
– Glaciers in Argentina
Los Glaciares National Park in the province of Santa Cruz, consisting of 14,000 km2 of icy expanse.
This is 247 glaciers, 47 Andean, 13 that flow into the Atlantic.
They rise up on giant peaks, whose ends break and those giant icebergs, fall into the frozen waters, producing a beautiful visual show and a loud auditory rumble.
They were declared World Natural heritage in 1981.
-Historic center of Salvador de Bahia in Brazil
Mayan City of Chichén ItzáDeclared a World Heritage site in 1985, it is the historic centre of the Bay Capital, comprising streets, buildings and monuments of colonial Brazil.
The architectural conservation of the period makes this city a very chosen tourist destination to visit.
– Potosí in Bolivia. Tourism in AMERICA
UNESCO declared in 1987 patrimony of the humanity to the city of Potosí.
It has an important architectural heritage composed of colonial-era buildings:
The mint, mansions of the era of nobility, the indigenous neighborhoods.
The city was the most important industrial complex in the world in the 16th century, thanks to the silver extraction in Cerro Potosí.
– Cartagena in Colombia. Tourism in AMERICA
This port city was one of the main shipping centers of the New World in 1984 UNESCO Lo.
Its strong military are the most extensive in South America;
and are a sample of the military architecture of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.
– Galapagos Islands in Ecuador. Tourism in AMERICA
The 19 islands of volcanic origin of the Pacific were in the past;
and are still very popular for the wide variety of endemic species that led Charles Darwin to formulate his theory of species evolution.
They were declared Natural patrimony of humanity in 1979.